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735 Year History of The Fief Blondel   The Fief de Blondel has a history that goes back to the the first Viking Norman Duke,   918 AD who was Rollo the Viking. The Island of Guernsey has a history going back thousands of years, but the Guernsey Fiefs were not established until 1179 AD.  Soon thereafter,  the Separation of the Channel Islands from Normandy occured with the loss of Normandy to France by King John in 1204.

The Noble Fiefs of Guernsey were reallocated to those loyal to the English Crown.  Sir William De Chesney  is named as the Seigneur of the Fief de Thomas Blondel in 1284 AD which is over 735 years ago  For hundreds of years, this noble feudal Fief of Blondel has existed under the direct relationship with the Crown of England under the Tenant-in-Chief definition. The Fief of Thomas Blondel is located in the parishes of Torteval and St. Peter in the Wood and is an authentic Norman title direct from the Crown. The Seignuers (Free Lords) or (Danish Friherres) of Blondel are fiefs held direct from the crown and  existed before formal Barononal titles were created.  The Fief Blondel is part of the former larger Fief of Canelly, once held by William de Chesney (1284) and before him by the Le Canellys until the separation of Guernsey from French Normandy in 1204.


Here is the English Version of the 2018 Deed of Conveyance at the Royal Courts of Guernsey of the Fief Blondel to Counselor George Mentz, Seigneur of Blondel

FEUDAL DUES, CONGE AND TREIZIEME - Treizieme is the feudal due payable to the Crown 1/13th or 2% in Guernsey. It is payable to the Royal Court when the land is alienated.  The Feudal Dues (Guernsey) Law of 1980 abolished Conge except in the case of alienating fiefs where the payment is still made in the Royal Courts to the Crown. It is payment of the Treizième to the Crown that results in the Conge.  Counselor Mentz is one of the last people in the world to have Feudal Payment of Treizième accepted directly by the courts of the Crown for the Crown.

Royal Court Document Fees paid by Counselor George Mentz 2018

  1. Fief Duty Paid
  2. Fief Reg.Paid
  3. HM Her Magesty's CourtPaid
  4. Jurats FeePaid
  5. Tresieme FeePaid

DEED RECORDED On 27 February 2018 before the undersigned Messrs the Lieutenant Bailiff and Jurats of the Royal Court of this island of Guernsey appeared in person Mr Jason Brian Green, attorney duly appointed of Julio Emilio Marco Franco, esquire, of Voltor 17, Escalera 1, Bajo B, Palma, Mallorca, Islas Baleares 07011, according to his power of attorney which has been shown to us dated 13 February 2018, who by virtue of the power given to him has recognised and acknowledged having quit ceded transferred and totally transported from his said Appointor and from his heirs for ever and for an estate of inheritance to Mr. Mentz's Lawyer,  Mr Paul Simon Nettleship, attorney duly appointed by George S Mentz, esquire, of Colorado Springs, Colorado 80906, United States of America

According to his power of attorney which has been shown to us dated 29 December 2017, by virtue of the power given to him present and accepting for his said Appointor, George Mentz,  viz. the Fief Thomas Blondel situated in the parishes of St Peter in the Wood and Torteval with all its appurtenances dependencies rights privileges and emoluments rents revenues dignities rights of court homages forfeitures champarts of corn services escheats and all other rights and seigneurial usages belonging to or dependent on the said fief without exception or reservation whatsoever other than the rights transferred to Her Majesty and Her Royal Successors by the Order of her Majesty in Council entitled "The Feudal Dues (Guernsey) Law, 1980".

The said conveyance such and as much as it is as may belong to the said attorney-transferor as acquirer for George Mentz, Esq.  of the said Fief Thomas Blondel from Barbara June Le Couteur widow of the late Mr Richard Evans and others by to a conveyance registered 14 September 2000. Made in consideration and for the price and sum of £XXXXXX  Sterling which the said attorney-transferor recognises having presently received in good cash payment from the said attorney-transferee.

And it is understood and conditional between the said parties that in the case there shall be due any homage relief fealty suit of court service rent chefrente or other right or due of whatsoever nature as may be owed to Her said Majesty or to any other seigneur whatsoever for and because of the said Fief Thomas Blondel the said attorney-transferee and his heirs or assigns in discharging the said attorney-transferor and his heirs shall not have recourse to nor guarantee against the said attorney-transferor or his heirs to whom the said attorney-transferee and his heirs.

The said attorney-transferor has promised and obliges himself to furnish and guarantee the said cession sale and transport to hold them quit and exempt of all rents and dues of whatsoever nature save those particularly stipulated above on the obligation of all the estates personal and real present and future of the said attorney-transferor and of his heirs. And the said attorney-transferee is in enjoyment of the said fief and dependencies from today's date, and has produced a permit from Her Majesty's Receiver General to make the said sale quit of treizième [one-thirteenth of the price].

And the said parties declare in conformity with sections 5 (2) (a) and 5 (4) of the Order of Her Majesty in Council called "The Document Duty (Guernsey) Law, 2017" that the consideration expressed in this sale is the full one and it is made (in English) "at arm's length" on the grounds that the parties have contracted together of their own free will and independently one of the other.


1440 Deed of Blondel Fief - The Above 577 Year old Deed is Translated Below.

To all who see or hear these present letters Denis Le Marchant judge in the matter of
Thomas de la Court Bailiff of the island of Guernsey under the most high and mighty prince
my lord the Duke of Gloucester, Lord of the Islands, Greeting in God. Know all men that
before us in the town of St Peter Port in the said island and in the presence of Nicholas de
Sausmarez, Thomas Blondel, Perot Nicholas,  John de Garis, Guillaume Caretier,  and
Nicholas le Feyvre Jurats of the Court of my said Lord in the said island were present and in
fact in person namely the said Thomas de la Court, of the one part, and Jenete Blondel
former wife of Pierre de St Pey, being his Lady ["Estante dame de Lye"],  of the other part,
the which Jenete of her pure and free will without any compulsion recognised and confessed having sold, quit, ceded, and transferred by herself and by John Fanigot her proctor and
general attorney and likewise by the grace and consent of Nicholas Henry elder son of
Emon Henry and as proctor and general attorney of Emon Henry [jnr] his brother from the
said Jenete and from her heirs and successors for an estate of inheritance and by audiences
of the parishes of St Pierre du Bois and of Notre Dame de Torteval a certain fief called the
fief Thomas Blondel being in the said parishes, parcel of the fief au Canely containing about
three bouvées of land called the Bouvée Phlipot Pain, lying in the said parish of St Pierre du
Bois, and the bouvées Torquetil and Bourgeon with the fief de l'Eperon lying in the said
parish of Torteval and likewise all and such seigneuries, dignities, liberties, graces and
franchises as to the aforesaid fiefs and each of them attach and belong with a certain dinner which the said Jenete takes and owns annually for an estate of inheritance, she claims, on the fief of the Prior of Lihou being in the said island for the price and sum of eighteen bushels, large measure, of annual wheat rent which eighteen bushels of wheat rent the said Thomas de la Court will make and assign in parcels to the said Jenete Blondel furnished and guaranteed on [the security of] all his estate. And likewise the said Jenete Blondel shall furnish and guarantee for an estate of inheritance henceforth for herself and her heirs to the aforesaid Thomas de la Court and to his heirs the aforesaid tenements, dignities and
franchises in the form and manner above said and declares upon all her other estates lying in
the said island whatsoever as the said parties acknowledged before us. In witness whereof
and discharge of which the seal of the Bailiwick of the said island of Guernsey for the parties
and at the request of the said Thomas de la Court to these present letters has been put and
appended. Done and given in the said island of Guernsey as aforesaid on the eighteenth day
of the month of July in the year of grace fourteen hundred and forty in the presence of the
said parties. Collated with the original, sealed with the said seal of the Bailiwick, by sieurs Jean Bonamy and Jaques Guille Jurats of the Royal Court of the said island the fifth day of the month of May in the year one thousand six hundred and thirty-seven. [Signed:] John Bonamy
Jaques Guille. [Sealed with the Seal of the Bailiwick, without counterseal].

For Mr John Blondel for the Fief Thomas Blondel. Sale of the Fief Thomas Blondel
containing three bouvées and the fief de l'Eperon, Torteval, by Jenete Blondel to Thomas de
la Court, Bailiff, for eighteen bushels wheat a quarter [?]. July 18 1440. No. 134. There is
mention that the Prior of Lihou owes a dinner a year to the Seigneur of the Fief Thomas

ABOVE IS A CERTIFIED TRANSLATION - I, DARRYL MARK OGIER, BA PhD FRHistS of the island of Guernsey, certify having translated from Middle French this copy of 1637 of an original deed dated 18 July 1440 to the best of my knowledge, experience, and ability.

This 4th day of July, 2018
Dr Darryl M. Ogier



The Fief de Thomas Blondel produced “ Livres de perchage ” in 1595, 1644, 1680, 1709, 1775, 1809, 1844, 1876, 1901, 1921 and 1968. The contents of the “ Livres de perchage ” reveal something of the history of the properties of the Territory and Fief boundaries.

Fief Canelly and Blondel 1205 - Historical Reference:

Fief Blondel 14th century?


After the Battle of Val Dunes (1047), Duke William II created and granted several ecclesiastical fiefs. From 1144 to 1150 the whole island belonged to Geoffrey d'Anjou. The wasteland of the Fief du Cotentin as part of the possessions of Geoffrey became under his son Fief Le Roi. New sub-fiefs arose during the 11th and 12th centuries as Fief Aux Fay and Fief Burons. The Fief Au Fay took place by paying a pair of silver spurs and Burons Fief by paying a pair of golden ears. Both were combined as the Fief of Spurs with the obligation to pay a pair of spurs vermeil.

After 1204 the Crown obtains certain territories holders of Norman form previous that decided to pay homage to France, thus losing their island territories. It is at the origin of some fiefs as the stronghold of Bruniaux, Fief Au Marchantet Fief Hailla. Stronghold of Sausmarez originated in the Fief Barneville. From St. Martin s and related to the defense of the church originates Fief de la Velleresse (velleresse de veille = keep a watch on the coast, having this obligation)

Fief  Roi was originally from Fief de Rozel formerly owned by the Cotentin family of Rosel, which passes to the Crown in 1204 with the fief granted by Duke William II to the abbey of Marmoutiers. Geoffrey d'Anjou created in 1150 when he was developing his plans for the invasion of two military strongholds De Vaugrat of England and Bruniaux in the parish of St. Sampson. Fief Anneville granted by Henry III to Sir William de Cheny in 1248 is also from this parish.

The evolution of the lands in the parish of Torteval is complicated, because although initially in the Fief of the Cotentin, many of its fiefs cover St. Pierre-du-Bois, which is part of the Fief of Bessin.

The original Fief Au Cannely (granted to the Cherbourg family and, of course, in the territory of the Fief du Cotentin) has been replaced by several fiefs of weddings and settlements: Fief Guillot Justice, Fief Janin Besnard, Fief Thomas Blondel , Fief Bouvée Duquemin, Fief Robert de Va (or Worm), Fief Jean du Gaillard (who passes to the Crown in the early sixteenth century), etc. .. A perplexing overlap of territories thus emerges. In 1248, the distribution of fiefs was much like at present.

The number of Guernsey fiefs has remained unchanged since the 13th century. The titles were kept in some cases, the same families ans (Sausamez). All 75 Lordships are perfectly documented; This is not the case with the other titles of the Channel Islands. In January 2004, 24 Private Lords hold 46 Lordships which means that some Lords stall more than one title. Two more Seigneures (Riviere and Beuval) are held by more than one person and the fiefs of 27 others belong to the Crown. The title is transferred by means of transport. The transfer must be consistent with Guernsey's practices. This means that the will or the means of transport must be made in accordance with the Guernsey Law. The document is registered in the HM Registry - Citation: 




THE FEODAL SYSTEM Without any political or judicial power for several decades, the feudal system of Guernsey has remained to this day. There are officially 75 fiefs, headed by a "lord" or "lady". The British Crown in the person of the Duke of Normandy, Queen Elizabeth II actually owns 29 of her strongholds, most of which belonged to abbeys or priory Lower Normandy, before the sixteenth century. This fact, in 2004, there were 24 private lords totaling 46 lordships inherited from this feudal system, except that two of these 46 seigneuries are in joint ownership between several owners. These fiefs belong to very old local lineages having given many officers, bailiffs, jurats and lawyers. These few families gather in their hands, as a result of endogamous marriages, many of the small rural fiefdoms, resulting from sharing throughout history, according to the precepts of Norman customary law, still in force.   As in England and according to a centuries-old system, the fiefs can be sold by the lords to other individuals. Each lord is bound, according to custom, to make faith and homage to the duke or his representative. This tribute is sometimes staged during Queen's state visits to the Channel Islands.   Unlike the Lord of Sercq, the Lords of Ceuresi have retained only the feudal rights, but have lost all their rights seigneuriaux since the nineteenth century and in the following. The lords played a social role until the first half of the 20th century. The feudal courts have also practically disappeared, with the exception of the courts of the fief Le Comte (family Lenfestey) or the fief of Blanchelande (the bailiff of Guernsey, ex officio, Saint-Martin). The seneschal of a fief, and his officers were usually chosen from the inhabitants of the fief, as required by feudal custom. In the example of the fief of Blanchelande, which formerly belonged to a priory of the former abbey of Blanchelande (in Neufmesnil, France, Manche), the court of fief is still composed today of the seneschal, four vavasseurs, and officers are the clerk and his clerk, the provost, a sergeant and a grenetier. In the fiefs, this court was held either in a special room or plaids room, or on a stone bench located on a main axis of the lordship. Some of these benches have been preserved.  

John McCormack - 1980 - ‎Snippet view 
Evolution of the Fief of Cotentin Translated from French





Treizieme is the feudal due payable to the Crown 1/13th or 2% in Guernsey. It is payable to the Royal Court when the land is alienated.  The Feudal Dues (Guernsey) Law of 1980 abolished Conge except in the case of alienating fiefs where the payment is still made in the royal courts to the Crown. 
"congé" means a document issued by or on behalf of Her Majesty's Receiver General attesting receipt of the proper amount generally payable in accordance with the customary law in lieu of the treizième, and of agreement by the Seigneur of a fief to a transfer of realty included therein; 
"feudal dues" includes treizième, chef-rentes, escheat, varech (or wreck of the sea), poulage, quarantaine and any other incidents of feudal tenure payable in money or money's worth,
"private fief" means a fief other than a fief belonging to Her Majesty. 

Homage and fealty,, in European society, solemn acts of ritual by which a person became a vassal of a lord in feudal society. Homage was essentially the acknowledgment of the bond of tenure that existed between the two. It consisted of the vassal surrendering himself to the lord, symbolized by his kneeling and giving his joined hands to the lord, who clasped them in his own, thus accepting the surrender.
Fealty was an oath of fidelity made by the vassal. In it he promised not to harm his lord or to do damage to his property. Although homage had to be rendered directly to the lord, fealty could be given to a bailiff or steward. The lord then performed a symbolic investiture of the new vassal, handing over to him some object representing his fief. The whole procedure was a recognition of both the assistance owed by the tenant to his lord and the protection owed by the lord to the tenant. 
The 1980 Feudal Laws Act permanently extinguished the private character of the remaining seigneurial royalties by transferring them to the Crown. In 2002, a complementary law provided for the abolition in 2003 of the "thirteenth" right (transfer tax) for private lords, because of the exemption enjoyed by the farms held in strongholds and the fiefs (seigneuries) . This tax is now returned to the Crown.

The lords and ladies of the most important fiefs Guernesiais traditionally sit in the Court of Chief pleas, with the lawyers practicing on the island and the constables elected parishes, during his solemn sessions "in body" (or full court) three times per year. To sit, the lords and ladies must have paid tribute to their fief to the Crown or his representative, the Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey. However, even if the presence of the lords and ladies is mandatory at these three sessions, they no longer participate in the debate but answer only to their name. This survival, however, indicates that the Guernsey seigneuries have retained their moral and legal personalities.

Having become owners of several seigneuries (English: manors), a number of stately homes have been converted into a luxury hotel (hotel La Barbarie, for the fief of Blanchelande, or the manor of Longueville, Saint-Sauveur), or simply sold, which allows customary law. Some lords have maintained the area rich in rare botanicals, and open to visit, like the manor of Sausmarez (Sausmarez Manor). It still belongs to the family of Sausmarez, one of the oldest on the island with that of De Carteret.

A similar situation exists in Jersey.


In 1020, Duke Richard II divides Guernsey diagonally from two halves, granting from south-east to Néel, Viscount of Cotentin and west to Anchetel, Vicomte du Bessin. The Clos du Valle was apparently wasteland. The two initial fiefs had some vicissitudes, but at the time of the conquest of England both returned to the families of the original
Below from"  Fiefs of the Islands of Guernsey
Fief Blondel appears to be older than the Seigneurs of Monaco as the Grimaldi family settled in Monaco in 1297 and Fief Blondel is also older than ancient Sheikhdom of Kuwait,  Kingdom of Moscovy Russia 1362, Kingdom of Spain 1479, Kingdom of Bohemia, Kingdom of Belgium. Fief Blondel may also be older than the Ottomon Empire, Habsburg Empire, and the Kingdom of Lithuania.