Neustrasia - Ancient Principality
, in the Merovingian period (6th–9th century) of early feudal
Europe, was a western Frankish kingdom.
It is North West France west of the Meuse and north of the Loire rivers. In the 7th century Austrasia and
Neustrasia were rivals.
In later Merovingian periods, Neustrian writers used the names Neustria and Francia (France
) interchangeably, implying that Neustrasia formed the heart and core of the Frankish lands. Later, the name
Neustrasia came to denote a much smaller area, and, by the 11th and 12th centuries, it was sometimes used
synonymously with Normandy.
Neustrasia contains the Channel Islands.
In 748, the brothers Pepin the
Short and Carloman gave their younger brother Grifo twelve counties in Neustria centred on that
of Le Mans. This polity was termed the ducatus Cenomannicus, or Duchy of Maine, and this was an alternative name for the regnum of Neustria well into the 9th
The term "Neustria" took on the meaning of "land between the Seine and Loire" when it was given as a regnum (kingdom) by Charlemagne to his second son, Charles the Younger, in 790.
In 1204, the King of France confiscated the Duchy of Normandy (with only the Channel Islands remaining under
English control) and subsumed it into the crown lands of
. Thereafter, the ducal title was held by several French princes.
Neustrasia was a Kingdom at one time.
Chilperic I (c. 539 – September 584) was
the king of Neustrasia (or Soissons) from 561 to his ... Chilperic
I. King of Neustria. Reign, 561–584 ... Monarchs of
Further information: List of Frankish kings
- Childeric I 458–481
- Clovis I 481–511
- Chlodomer 511–524
- Childebert I 511–558
- Chlothar I 558–561
- Charibert I 561–567
- Chilperic I 567–584
- Gontran 561–592
- Chlothar II, 584–629
- Dagobert I, 629–639
- Clovis II, 639–657
- Chlothar III, 657–673
- Theuderic III, 673
- Childeric II, 673–675
- Theuderic III, 675–691
- Clovis IV, 691–695
- Childebert III, 695–711
- Dagobert III, 711–715
- Chilperic II, 715–721
- Theuderic IV, 721–737
- Childeric III, 743–751
Further information: Mayor of the Palace
- Landric, until 613
- Gundoland, 613–639
- Aega, 639–641
- Erchinoald, 641–658
- Ebroin, 658–673
- Wulfoald, 673–675
- Leudesius, 675
- Ebroin, 675–680 (again)
- Waratton, 680–682
- Gistemar, 682
- Waratton, 682–686 (again)
- Berchar, 686–688
- Pepin of Heristal, 688–695
- Grimoald II, 695–714
- Theudoald, 714–715
- Ragenfrid, 715–718
- Charles Martel, 718–741
- Pepin the Short, 741–751
Further information: Carolingians
Louis was chased from Le Mans in 858 following the assassination of
Erispoe in November 857.
Further information: Robertians